Le Dictionnaire abrégé du surréalisme donne du cadavre exquis la définition suivante: «jeu qui consiste à faire composer une phrase, ou un dessin, par plusieurs personnes sans qu'aucune d'elles ne puisse tenir compte de la collaboration ou des collaborations précédentes.»
Ce jeu littéraire a été inventé à Paris, au 54 rue du Château, dans une maison où vivaient Marcel Duhamel, Jacques Prévert et Yves Tanguy. Le principe du jeu est le suivant : chaque participant écrit à tour de rôle une partie d'une phrase, dans l'ordre sujet–verbe–complément, sans savoir ce que le précédent a écrit. La première phrase qui résulta et qui donna le nom à ce jeu fut «Le cadavre – exquis – boira – le vin – nouveau». Il fait partie des créations inspirées par le concept d'inconscient, souhaitant explorer ses ressources.
Il n'était au départ qu'une activité ludique, selon André Breton : «Bien que, par mesure de défense, parfois, cette activité ait été dite, par nous, «expérimentale», nous y cherchions avant tout le divertissement. Ce que nous avons pu y découvrir d'enrichissant sous le rapport de la connaissance n'est venu qu'ensuite.»
From master story teller, Guillermo del Toro, comes THE SHAPE OF WATER - an other-worldly fairy tale, set against the backdrop of Cold War era America circa 1963. In the hidden high-security government laboratory where she works, lonely Elisa (Sally Hawkins) is trapped in a life of silence and isolation. Elisa’s life is changed forever when she and co-worker Zelda (Octavia Spencer) discover a secret classified experiment. Rounding out the cast are Michael Shannon, Richard Jenkins, Michael Stuhlbarg and Doug Jones.
Time is an obsession in the cinema of Christopher Nolan. But how does he represent this abstract concept through visuals, through sound, and through narrative? This new video essay by Luís Azevedo (aka Beyond the Frame) explores one of the director's major obsessions.
**This video contains spoilers**
Featured music: Impact Intermezzo, Impact Lento and Impact Allegretto by Kevin MacLeod are licensed under an Attribution 3.0 International License
Based on a work at incompetech.com
A Dream Within a Dream by Twin Musicom is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license
I could write a whole thing here, but I will try to keep this commentary short. This poem has been through a lot of drafts-- even this video is subtly different from the one on the album, and both are different from what I've been performing over the past couple of weeks. Just a couple of quick thoughts (all of which are in addition to the album commentary I already wrote):
Probably the biggest theme on "Post-Post-Race" is the importance of having a more critical, wider perspective on issues of race and racism. Racism isn't just about "bad people being mean to other people because they look different;" it's about history, it's about systems and institutions, and it's about power. This poem is maybe the most direct exploration of that idea on the album.
Especially today, in the context of Trump (and the movement that he represents) it's important to see racism and xenophobia as bigger than one individual's bigotry. We should work to defeat Trump, but we should not labor under the delusion that defeating Trump will be enough. It won't. Electing a Democrat won't be enough either. Even electing a progressive Democrat won't be enough. Defeating racism (and sexism, homophobia, etc.) will take a multi-tiered approach, and I'd argue that step one is affirming that these problems are fundamentally bigger than individual attitudes or actions.
And "bigger" doesn't mean "invincible." It just means that our work is not just the work of changing people's hearts and minds; it's the work of changing our institutions, laws, policies, media, and systems too.
I get that this is a tough thing for some people to wrap their heads around. I also get that this particular poem might be a little tough to stomach as an intro to this concept, and might be better suited as a supplementary tool. So here are a few recommended links/readings:
I'd encourage everyone to read Michelle Alexander's "The New Jim Crow," which might be the most important book of the last decade. I'd also recommend Ta-Nehisi Coates' "The Case for Reparations,"which describes the system that we call "racism" as clearly as you're likely to read anywhere. For all the visual learners out there, here's the NYT's "The Faces of American Power," which lets us just look at the literal faces of people in positions of power in this country; hard to argue with that. Also, be sure to watch "13th" on Netflix! Feel free to add other good resources in the comments.
«Century» by Feist (feat. Jarvis Cocker) Director: Scott Cudmore Executive Producer: Richard Cureton Producer: Nicole Powell Director of Photography: Peter Hadfield Editor: Scott Cudmore Production Company: Revolver Films